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Narrating War: Newspaper Editorials in Japan's Defense and Security Policy Between Militarism and Peace 상세보기 화면
제목 Narrating War: Newspaper Editorials in Japan's Defense and Security Policy Between Militarism and Peace
저자 Jooyoun Lee
Year 2016
Date Fall
문서보기
영문 키워드 Japan, defense and security policy, war, militarism, peace, newspaper editorials
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Since the 2000s Japan’s defense and security policy has undergone a historic shift, including a series of military expansions, the government’s 2014 approval of a reinterpretation of Article 9 of the postwar Constitution, and the Diet’s passage of security bills in 2015. This poses a question regarding how it was possible for all these changes to occur, if the long-held domestic norm of antimilitarism had persisted. This article examines Japan’s domestic normative context between 2001 and 2013 by analyzing the discursive constructions of Japanese war memory by editorials of two representative newspapers, Yomiuri Shimbun and Asahi Shimbun. It is found that Yomiuri supports the shift for military expansions as compatible with the postwar stance of a pacifist nation with the interpretation that the Japanese war contributed to independence movements in Asia. This is contrasted with Asahi, which opposes the change with a view that Japan’s war was an aggression. This article argues that the emerging discursive practices represented by Yomiuri produced the normative context that appealed to the distinctive target audience in such a way to operate as a precondition for the Japanese government to shift its defense and security policy. This raises the importance of the domestic factor in understanding Japan’s momentous changes in security, adding more nuances to the conventional focus on external factors.

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